Occupational Asthma Reference

Wittczak T, Dudek W, Krakowiak A, Walusiak J, Occupational asthma due to manganese exposure: a case report, Int J Occup Med Environ Health, 2008;21:81-83,

Keywords: manganese, welder, challenge, induced sputum, eosinophilia, NSBR, Poland

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Jolanta Walusiak, Lodz Jolanta Walusiak

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Manganese belongs to a group of agents called transitional metals that are known to induce occupational asthma. However, well-documented cases of manganese-induced asthma have been lacking thus far. We have discussed a case of a 42-year-old non-smoking welder with work-related dyspnea. A number of clinical procedures were performed including clinical examination, routine laboratory tests, total serum IgE, skin prick tests to common aeroallergens and manganese nitrate, resting spirometry test, histamine challenge, and a single-blind, placebo-controlled specific inhalation challenge with 0.1% manganese chloride solution. Clinical findings and laboratory test results remained normal but a significant bronchial hyperreactivity was found. During the specific inhalation challenge, dyspnea and a significant decrease in forced expiratory volume (FEV1)were observed. An increased proportion of eosinophils and basophils in induced sputum could also be noted at 4 and 24 h after the challenge. The argument for recognizing the condition as occupational asthma was a positive clinical response to the specific challenge test as well as the morphological changes found in induced sputum. To our knowledge, this is the first well-documented case of manganese-induced occupational asthma.

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