Occupational Asthma Reference

Rioux J-P, Malo J-L, LArcheveque J, Rabhi K, Labrecque M, Workplace-specific challenges as a contribution to the diagnosis of occupational asthma, Eur Respir J, 2008;32:997-1003,

Keywords: Canada, workplace challenge, sensitivity, specific challenge,occupational asthma, diagnosis

Known Authors

Jean-Luc Malo, Hôpital de Sacré Coeur, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Jean-Luc Malo

Manon Labrecque, Hôpital de Sacre Coeur, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Manon Labrecque

Jean-Phillipe Rioux, Hôpital de Sacré Coeur, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Jean-Phillipe Rioux

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The diagnosis of occupational asthma can be made by exposing workers to the
relevant agent either in a hospital laboratory through specific inhalation challenges (SICs) or in the workplace. As suggested by several authors, workers with negative laboratory SIC can be monitored at the workplace under supervision. The present study aims to assess the frequency of, and identify factors associated with, a positive workplace reaction in workers with negative SIC in the laboratory.

The results of workplace challenges were examined in 99 workers who underwent negative SIC between 1994 and 2004. A positive reaction either in the SIC or in the workplace was defined as a sustained fall in forced expiratory volume in one second of >20%.

In total, 22 (22.2%) workers showed positive responses at the workplace. These subjects more often had increased baseline methacholine responsiveness (90.5 versus 67.6%). They also underwent more days of SIC testing (4.9 versus 3.3 days) and were exposed more often to two or more agents (56 versus 28.4%) and for a longer period of time (363.3 versus 220.4 min) in the laboratory.

The present study illustrates the usefulness of workplace monitoring of airway function in the investigation of occupational asthma and identifies factors that are more often associated with a positive reaction.

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