Occupational Asthma Reference

KopferschmittKubler MC, Frossard N, Rohde G, Pauli G, Increase in non-specific bronchial hyperresponsiveness without specific response to isocyanate in isocyanate-induced asthma: a pilot study, Respir Med, 1998;92:1093-1098,

Keywords: France, isocyanate, TDI, br, challenge, occupational asthma, bronchial reactivity

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Gabrielle Pauli, University of Strasbourg Gabrielle Pauli

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Increased non-specific bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) has been reported after positive reaction to isocyanates in patients with isocyanate-sensitive asthma. The increased responsiveness may, however, also precede the asthma attack. We therefore compared non-specific BHR to a cholinergic agent before and after exposure to toluene-diisocyanate (TDI) that induced no asthma symptoms in 11 workers with isocyanate-related asthma. Patients were exposed for 3 consecutive days to progressively increasing doses of TDI (5, 10, and 20 ppb min-1 for 20 min) in an exposure chamber with continuous TDI monitoring. No immediate nor late asthmatic bronchial reaction was observed in any patient after any dose of TDI during or after challenge. A significant increase in non-specific BHR was noted 24 h after the last dose of TDI challenge, however. This increase was at least one doubling dose for seven of 11 patients. In conclusion, our study shows that, in patients with isocyanate-induced asthma, exposure to TDI induces a slight but significant increase in non-specific BHR in the absence of any immediate or late bronchial response to isocyanate. This result, which requires further confirmation, may justify a proposal to measure non-specific BHR, even after a negative specific inhalation test to TDI, as an additional diagnostic element for TDI-induced occupational asthma, to help lower the percentage of the undetected occupational asthma cases

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