Occupational Asthma Reference

Freeman W, Weir DC, Sapiano SB, Whitehead JE, Burge PS, Cayton RM, The twenty-metre shuttle-running test: a combined test for maximal oxygen uptake and exercise-induced asthma?, Respir Med, 1990;84:31-35,

Keywords: asthma, exercise

Known Authors

Sherwood Burge, Oasys Sherwood Burge

David Weir, North Manchester Hospital David Weir

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A maximal multistage 'twenty-metre shuttle-running test' has already been developed to estimate maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max). This field test requires little equipment or expertise, can be performed simultaneously by several subjects, and is widely used in physical education lessons. The present study assessed the potential for this test to provoke exercise-induced asthma in 73 schoolboys, aged 15-16 years. Measurements of the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) were made at rest and 10 min after the twenty-metre shuttle-running test; exercise-induced asthma was defined as greater than a 10% fall in FEV1 after exercise. The pupils achieved 73 +/- 19 shuttles (mean +/- SD) giving a VO2 max of 47.0 +/- 5.3 ml kg-1 min-1. Exercise-induced asthma was documented in eight pupils (11%); two were known asthmatics who, despite taking pre-exercise B2 agonist treatment, had sharp falls in FEV1 (-25.4 and -25.6%); two had previously experienced occasional chest tightness or wheeze with exercise (-16.5 and -13.2% fall FEV1); but four were asymptomatic, with no previous asthmatic symptoms (-20.0, -18.2, -15.3 and -11.4% fall FEV1). This study has demonstrated the potential of the twenty-metre shuttle-running test to provoke exercise induced-asthma, and may therefore be a useful clinical test to assess for exercise-induced asthma when an estimate of VO2 max would also be helpful. Furthermore, physical education teachers should take basic precautions when using this test.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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