Occupational Asthma Reference

Fabbri LM, Picotti G, Mapp CE, Late asthmatic reactions, airway inflammation and chronic asthma in TDI sensitized subjects, Eur Respir J Suppl, 1991;4 suppl 13:136s-138s,

Keywords: asthma, TDI, isocyanate, eosinophil, steroid, late reaction

Known Authors

Leo Fabbri, University of Moderna and Reggio Emilia Leo Fabbri

Christina Mapp, Padova University Christina Mapp

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Sensitized subjects may develop symptoms of asthma after exposure to isocyanates in their place of work. After challenge with isocyanates in the laboratory, sensitized subjects develop immediate, late and dual asthmatic reactions. We speculated that toluene diisocyanate (TDI) might cause late asthmatic reactions and increase bronchial responsiveness by causing an acute inflammatory reaction in the airways, and that airway inflammation may be responsible for persistence of occupational asthma induced by isocyanates. To test these hypotheses, we examined sensitized subjects during asthmatic reactions induced by exposure to toluene diisocyanate in the laboratory. We observed that late and dual, but not early, asthmatic reactions are associated with a transient increase of bronchial responsiveness which is associated with an acute inflammatory reaction of the airways characterized by an increase of neutrophils followed by eosinophils, by an increase of leukotriene B4 and albumin in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and that all these effects are inhibited by steroids. Longitudinal studies suggest that the majority of subjects with occupational asthma continue to have persistent asthma months and years after the cessation of exposure, and the results of our studies combined with the results of studies performed by others suggest that the persistence of asthma may be related to the persistence of airway inflammation. [References: 25]

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