Occupational Asthma Reference

Stocks SJ, Turner S, McNamee R, Carder M, Hussey L, Agius RM, Occupation and work-related ill-health in UK construction workers, Occup Med, 2011;61:407-415,

Keywords: Thor, SWORD, UK, welder, construction,

Known Authors

Raymond Agius, Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, Manchester University Raymond Agius

Roseanne McNamee, Manchester University COEH Roseanne McNamee

Melanie Carder, COEH Manchester Melanie Carder

Susan Turner, Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine Manchester Susan Turner

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Abstract

Background
Construction workers are at increased risk of work-related ill-health (WRI) worldwide.

Aims
To compare the incidence of medically reported WRI in occupations within the UK construction industry according to job title.

Methods
We calculated standardized incidence rate ratios (SRRs) using WRI cases for individual job titles returned to The Health and Occupation Reporting network by clinical specialists and UK population denominators. We counted frequencies of reported causal exposures or tasks reported by clinical specialists, occupational physicians and general practitioners.

Results
We found significantly increased incidence of WRI compared with other workers in the same major Standard Occupational Classification, i.e. workers with similar levels of qualifications, training, skills and experience, for skin neoplasia in roofers (SRR 6.3; 95% CI: 3.1–13.1), painters and decorators (2.1; 95% CI: 1.2–3.6) and labourers in building and woodworking trades (labourers, 6.6; 95% CI: 3.2–13.2); contact dermatitis in metal workers (1.4; 95% CI: 1.1–1.7) and labourers (1.6; 95% CI: 1.1–2.3); asthma in welders (3.8; 95% CI: 2.8–5.0); musculoskeletal disorders in welders (1.7; 95% CI: 1.1–2.8), road construction operatives (6.1; 95% CI: 3.8–9.6) and labourers (2.5; 95% CI: 1.7–3.7); long latency respiratory disease (mesothelioma, pneumoconiosis, lung cancer, non-malignant pleural disease) in pipe fitters (4.5; 95% CI: 3.2–6.2), electrical workers (2.7; 95% CI: 2.4–3.2), plumbing and heating engineers (2.3; 95% CI: 1.9–2.7), carpenters and joiners (2.7; 95% CI: 2.3–3.1), scaffolders (12; 95% CI: 8–18) and labourers (3.3; 95% CI: 2.6–4.1).

Conclusions
UK construction industry workers have significantly increased risk of WRI. These data in individual construction occupations can be used to inform appropriate targeting of occupational health resources.

Plain text: Background Construction workers are at increased risk of work-related ill-health (WRI) worldwide. Aims To compare the incidence of medically reported WRI in occupations within the UK construction industry according to job title. Methods We calculated standardized incidence rate ratios (SRRs) using WRI cases for individual job titles returned to The Health and Occupation Reporting network by clinical specialists and UK population denominators. We counted frequencies of reported causal exposures or tasks reported by clinical specialists, occupational physicians and general practitioners. Results We found significantly increased incidence of WRI compared with other workers in the same major Standard Occupational Classification, i.e. workers with similar levels of qualifications, training, skills and experience, for skin neoplasia in roofers (SRR 6.3; 95% CI: 3.1-13.1), painters and decorators (2.1; 95% CI: 1.2-3.6) and labourers in building and woodworking trades (labourers, 6.6; 95% CI: 3.2-13.2); contact dermatitis in metal workers (1.4; 95% CI: 1.1-1.7) and labourers (1.6; 95% CI: 1.1-2.3); asthma in welders (3.8; 95% CI: 2.8-5.0); musculoskeletal disorders in welders (1.7; 95% CI: 1.1-2.8), road construction operatives (6.1; 95% CI: 3.8-9.6) and labourers (2.5; 95% CI: 1.7-3.7); long latency respiratory disease (mesothelioma, pneumoconiosis, lung cancer, non-malignant pleural disease) in pipe fitters (4.5; 95% CI: 3.2-6.2), electrical workers (2.7; 95% CI: 2.4-3.2), plumbing and heating engineers (2.3; 95% CI: 1.9-2.7), carpenters and joiners (2.7; 95% CI: 2.3-3.1), scaffolders (12; 95% CI: 8-18) and labourers (3.3; 95% CI: 2.6-4.1). Conclusions UK construction industry workers have significantly increased risk of WRI. These data in individual construction occupations can be used to inform appropriate targeting of occupational health resources.

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