Occupational Asthma Reference

Malo JL, Cartier A, Ghezzo H, Trudeau C, L'Archeveque J, Duration of bronchial protective effect of salmeterol in asthma induced by hyperventilation with dry cold air, Rev Mal Respir, 1992;9:Suppl 1:R19-21,

Keywords: salmeterol, asthma, cold

Known Authors

André Cartier, Hôpital de Sacré Coeur, Montreal, Quebec, Canada André Cartier

Jean-Luc Malo, Hôpital de Sacré Coeur, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Jean-Luc Malo

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Abstract

The duration of the blocking effect of salmeterol (50 micrograms), albuterol (200 micrograms) and placebo was compared in a double-blind study carried out in 12 adult asthmatic subjects who underwent hyperventilation tests with cold dry air on 4 study days. On the first day, the hyperventilation test was carried out at various time intervals with spontaneous functional recovery between each test. The response was assessed by interpolating the dose of cold dry air causing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PD20). On the three other days, the active or placebo medications were administered. Spirometry was assessed 15 minutes and 1 hour later. The hyperventilation test was then performed and repeated at various time intervals after administering the drug. The mean duration of the blocking effect was 0.25 hour for placebo, 3.5 hours for albuterol, and of 15.9 hours for salmeterol. Eight of the 12 subjects still showed some blocking effect eight hours after salmeterol by comparison with only one subject after albuterol. The authors conclude that salmeterol has a significantly longer effect than albuterol on bronchoconstriction induced by hyperventilation

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