Occupational Asthma Reference
Madan I, Bright P, Miller MR,
Expired air temperature at the mouth during a maximal forced expiratory manoeuvre,
Eur Respir J,
Keywords: temperature, FEV1
We have studied the temperature of expired air during a maximal forced expiratory manoeuvre, because this has not previously been fully investigated and it will influence how flow and volume recording devices should be calibrated and used. Temperature was recorded with a fine thermocouple, the response time of which was determined at various gas velocities and for which a correction was made. Recordings during maximal forced expiratory manoeuvres were made on 12 normal subjects and 12 subjects with chronic airflow limitation. The thermocouple was placed in the mouthpiece, so that it was at the level of the lips during a blow. In the normal subjects, the effect of differing inhalation protocols was also determined. In the normal subjects, the mean temperature was 33.6 degrees C at peak expiratory flow (PEF), and 34.4 degrees C at 75% forced vital capacity (FVC), but fell to 33.4 degrees C at FVC. In the subjects with chronic airflow limitation, the temperature was constant at 35.0 degrees C from PEF up to 50% FVC, being significantly higher than in the normals, and fell to 33.5 degrees C at FVC. Expired air temperature up to 50% FVC was significantly negatively correlated with absolute PEF, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and FVC. In the normals, a slow inhalation through the nose raised the expired temperature by almost 1 degree C throughout the blow, whereas inhaling air at 6 degrees C did not affect expired air temperature. The expired air temperature can vary by up to 3 degrees C between individual subjects, and it is influenced by the route of inhalation and the inspired volume.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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