Chrome Fumes

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Known Synonyms

Chrome
Chromium ?
Chrome is a potential cause of occupational asthma, where it can be inhaled. This happens when electroplating, powder burning, arc air gauging and welding stainless steel.

Occupational asthma to chrome can occur within the current exposure standards and there may be cross reactivity with nickel. Inhalation challenge with nebulised potassium dichromate solution is helpful in making the specific diagnosis where doubt exists

We have seen an outbreak of occupational asthma, probably due to chrome, in a foundry making large castings predominantly from stainless steel. Chrome fumes have been a regular cause of reports to Shield in the West Midlands, UK.

Preventative measures include extraction and respiratory protective equipment (RPE). Workers not directly exposed can be protected by enclosing areas where the chrome fume is produced.

References for: Chrome Fumes See published papers on "Chrome Fumes" from this website.
Haz-Map information on: Chrome Fumes See information on "Chrome Fumes" from the HazMap (Information on Hazardous Chemicals and Occupational Diseases) website.

Oasys Notifications for Chrome Fumes

The Oasys Audit scheme started midway through 2010 and collects agents typed in through the Oasys program. The years before 2010 show old data entered during 2010 or later and are likely to have many fewer notifications. We expect Oasys to become more widely adopted as time goes by so increasing notifications does not necessarily mean an increasing problem.

Occupational asthma notifications to the Oasys Audit Scheme for Chrome Fumes

Selected References for Chrome Fumes

Full Text Available for An outbreak of occupational asthma due to chromium and cobalt Walters GI, Moore VC, Robertson AS, Burge CBSG, Vellore A-D, Burge PS, An outbreak of occupational asthma due to chromium and cobalt , Occup Med, 2012;62:533-540,
Sherwood Burge, Oasys, an author of 'An outbreak of occupational asthma due to chromium and cobalt' Vicky Moore, Oasys, an author of 'An outbreak of occupational asthma due to chromium and cobalt' Cedd Burge, Oasys, an author of 'An outbreak of occupational asthma due to chromium and cobalt' Alastair Robertson, Selly Oak Hospital, an author of 'An outbreak of occupational asthma due to chromium and cobalt' Arun Dev Vellore, Oasys, an author of 'An outbreak of occupational asthma due to chromium and cobalt' Gareth Walters, Heartlands, an author of 'An outbreak of occupational asthma due to chromium and cobalt'

Full Text Available for A case of chrome asthma induced by exposure to the stone cutter dust Onizuka R, Tanabe K, Nakayama Y, Fukuchi T, Nakata K, Hiki T, A case of chrome asthma induced by exposure to the stone cutter dust, Arerugi, 2006;55:1556-1561,

Abstract Available for Occupational asthma due to chromium and nickel salts. Fernández-Nieto M, Quirce S, Carnés J, Sastre J, Occupational asthma due to chromium and nickel salts., Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 2006;79:483-486,
Joaquin Sastre, Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, Madrid, an author of 'Occupational asthma due to chromium and nickel salts.' Santiago Quirce, Madrid, an author of 'Occupational asthma due to chromium and nickel salts.'

Abstract Available for Occupational asthma due to chrome and nickel electroplating Bright P, Burge PS, O'Hickey SP, Gannon PF, Robertson AS, Boran A, Occupational asthma due to chrome and nickel electroplating, Thorax, 1997;52:28-32,
Sherwood Burge, Oasys, an author of 'Occupational asthma due to chrome and nickel electroplating' Paul Gannon, Dupont, an author of 'Occupational asthma due to chrome and nickel electroplating' Phil Bright, Oasys, an author of 'Occupational asthma due to chrome and nickel electroplating' Alastair Robertson, Selly Oak Hospital, an author of 'Occupational asthma due to chrome and nickel electroplating' Steve O'Hickey, Worcester Hospital, an author of 'Occupational asthma due to chrome and nickel electroplating'

No Abstract Available for Asthma related to chromium compounds Williams CD, Asthma related to chromium compounds, North Carolina Med J, 1969;30:482-491,

No Abstract Available for Asthma from sensitisation to chromium Joules H, Asthma from sensitisation to chromium, Lancet, 1932;i:182-183,

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